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Yemeni children suffer record rates of acute malnutrition: UN agencies
update:October 28,2020
UNITED NATIONS, Oct.28,2020 -- Yemeni children are suffering acute malnutrition at unprecedented rates as the world's worst humanitarian crisis grinds on and funding falls far short of what is needed to offset the effects of conflict and economic collapse, UN agencies said in a statement on Tuesday.
New analysis from the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), the global standard for gauging food insecurity, revealed that in some areas more than one in four children were acutely malnourished.
"Acute malnutrition rates among children below five years old are the highest ever recorded in parts of southern Yemen, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification," said UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) spokesperson Marixie Mercado. "This new analysis released today puts the number of children suffering from acute malnutrition this year at 587,573, which is an increase of around 10 percent since January this year."
The IPC analysis looked at southern parts of Yemen, but a forthcoming analysis of northern areas is expected to show equally concerning trends.
Mercado said the most significant increase in southern areas was a 15.5 percent rise in children with severe acute malnutrition, a condition that leaves children around 10 times more likely to die of diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, malaria or acute respiratory infections, all of which are common in Yemen.
World Food Programme (WFP) spokesperson Tomson Phiri said the IPC forecast showed that by the end of this year, 40 percent of the population in the analyzed areas, or about 3.2 million people, would be severely food insecure.
"Those predictions, from what we are gathering on the ground, are likely to be an underestimate. It is highly likely that the situation is worse than initially projected as conditions continue to worsen beyond the forecast levels. Why is this so? The underlying assumptions of the projections have either been, or are close to being surpassed," he said.
At the time the data was gathered, it was assumed that food prices would be stable, but that was no longer the case.
Lise Grande, the humanitarian coordinator for Yemen, said the UN had been warning since July that Yemen was on the brink of a catastrophic food security crisis.
"If the war doesn't end now, we are nearing an irreversible situation and risk losing an entire generation of Yemen's young children," she said in a separate statement.
Jens Laerke, spokesman for the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said at a Geneva briefing that Yemen needed help.
"I'm sorry to keep repeating that over and over again. It is massively underfunded. It is only 42 percent funded. It asked for 3.2 billion U.S. dollars. We are 10 months into the year. That is way below the funding levels we've seen in the past few years. So, there is something the world can do. Money can help, and I think, of course, that now is the time to provide that money."
A staggering 80 percent of Yemen's population -- over 24 million people -- require some form of humanitarian assistance and protection, including about 12.2 million children. A total of 230 out of Yemen's 333 districts, or 69 percent, are at risk of famine.
Despite a difficult operating environment, humanitarians continue to work across Yemen, responding to the most acute needs. However, funding remains a challenge: as of mid-October, only 1.4 billion dollars of the 3.2 billion dollars needed in 2020 has been received.
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