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Tibet Human Rights > Message > Focus > Tibetan Buddhism


    Date:07-27-2009   Source:tibet328.cn

China is home to a multiplicity of religious beliefs, with the three major religious--Buddhism, Catholicism and Islamism--all having large congregations and activity venues in the country. Buddhism in China mainly includes Han Chinese language Buddhism, which spread into China in 2 B.C.; Tibetan language Buddhism, which spread into China in the 13th century. Tibetan Buddhism refers to Tibetan language Buddhism, and is also known as Lamaism.



Lamas play religious conch shells during major Buddhist festivals.


Tibetan Buddhism exerted extensive and profound influence on the Tibetan race. Buddhism into Tibet in the 7th century, and gradually infiltrated Tibetan history, politics, economics, culture, education, and habits and customs to become the most extensively worshipped religion of Tibetans. Prolonged ethnic cultural exchanges also enabled Tibetan Buddhism to make its way into the Mongolian. Tu, Yugu, luoba, Moinba, Naxi, Pumi and other ethnic minority nationalities throughout China. buddhism has long been widely worshipped in China's Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Qinghai province, and the Xinjiang Uygur and Inner Mongolian autonomous regions. It hasa also made its way into sikkim, Bhuttan, Nepal, the Mongolian People's Republic and Buryat in the Republic of Russia.



Prayer wheels in the Jokhang Monastery.

More than 1400 Tibetan monasteries and other religious venues were renovated and opened following the peaceful liberation of Tibet in 1951. Chinese government support and policies for religious freedom enable 34000 monks in various monasteries to freely study Buddhist sutras and hold various types of Buddhist activities in their respective monasteries. In addition, the broad masses of religious faithfuls get up shines, Buddha halls and Sutra recitation rooms in their homes, and undertake pilgrimages to sacred sites.

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