|Nov. 8, 2018 -- Wetland, forest and ocean, are the three major facts of the world's ecosystem. Wetland, as the "Kidney of the Earth," is extremely widely distributed on the earth. Southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region is the special plateau wetland distribution area in the world, the important Species Gene Reserve and the strategic base of water resources of the country. Serling Tso wetland, located in the south of Changtang Plateau with an average elevation of 4,700 meters, is listed into the catalogue of world-wide important wetland in this year.
With permanent lagoon and freshwater, the lake Serling Tso belongs to inland aquatic ecosystem on the plateau, it is a typical representative of alpine lake wetland ecosystem on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Serling Tso wetland plays a crucial role in producing oxygen and purifying air. According to Forestry Bureau of Nagqu, the wetland is divided into two areas: the eastern area is an exterior drainage area and the western area includes the largest inland lake of the region with an area of 45,530km2. Rivers and lakes of western area are interlinked in this area, forming a closed inland lake group, which receives the inflow of the largest and the longest interior river.
The wetland is typical, rare and unique in the alpine wetland ecosystem of China even the world. It is a rare "natural museum”for studying the structure, function and material cycle of the alpine lake ecosystem. There are 10 wetland types, including saltwater lake, freshwater lake, alpine wetland, etc. Seling Tso wetland includes all the important wetland types, is the most complete wetland ecosystem and the best preservation of the original nature on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
The data shows that more than 472 seed plants grow in this wetland. Relying on rich wetland resources, the wetland has become main habitat for fishes, amphibians and reptiles, birds and mammals. The wetland is the main breeding ground for black-necked cranes, too.
According to the statistics, during the wetland's wild breeding season, total number of waterfowl babies reached over 20,000 every year from 2014 to 2016.
By: Liu Fang, He Huizhong