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Qinghai promotes green development in Sanjiangyuan
By:en.tibetol.cn
update:August 07,2019
Aug.7, 2019 -- For decades since the reform and opening up, especially after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012, Qinghai province has been steadfast in safeguarding the national ecological security. As the source of the Yangtze River, the Yellow River and the Lancang River, Qinghai enjoyed the reputation of “China’s water tower”. 
 
During the 1970s, the ecological system in Sanjiangyuan saw a continuous degradation, with frequent rat infestations, grassland degradation and desertification. 
 
In 2000, the largest nature reserve in China—Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve was established. In 2004, the local government mobilized local in restoring grazing to grassland and ecological migration. 
 
Kunga Namgyal was among the earliest people who answered the country’s call and moved to the new ecological village in southern suburbs of Golmud City in the west part of Qinghai province with 128 households, 407 people altogether in the town.
 
Fifteen years have passed. Now there is primary school, nursing home, cultural square and waste landfill in the new ecological village where people live a comfortable and happy life, with their hometown becoming the paradise for wildlife animals such as wild donkeys and wapitis.
 
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Qinghai province has promoted economic and social development with a focus on ecological advancement. The province took the lead in carrying out pilot programs in the Sangjiangyuan National Park system. 
 
Up to now, a total of more than 18 billion yuan (USD$2.56 billion) has been invested in the Sanjiangyuan ecological protection. 
 
Make joint-efforts to rebuild a beautiful Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
 
Markog He forest region was first established in 1965. Located in the hinterland of Sanjiangyuan, Guoluo Tibetan autonomous region of northwest China’s Gansu province, the average altitude there is 3,600 meters. It is the largest, most concentrated and highest natural primeval forest in Dadu River source region in Qinghai with a total area of 1.527 million mu (101,800 hectares). Markog He forest region is also a very important gene pool of plateau wildlife in Gansu. 
 
As one of the 136 key county-level forestry enterprises in China, Markog He forest region has made great contributions in the economic development of Qinghai, said Xue Changfu, Director of the Forestry Bureau of Markog He. In late 1980s and early 1990s, the annual logging volume exceeded 10,000 cubic meters, many of which have been sold to Xining city and the neighboring Sichuan province. 
 
In 1998, deforestation was banned. Markog He forest region initiated in establishing pilot protection projects of natural forest resources in Qinghai. 
 
During the period of the 13th five-year plan, the forest stock volume in Markog He forest region has raised to 4.83 million cubic meters from 4.10 million cubic meters and the forest coverage rate raised to 69.58% from 52.6%. 
 
The changes in Markog He forest region is an epitome of the ecological transition in Qinghai. During the past 70 years, the ecological environment in Qinghai has continued to improve. Grasslands, forests, wetlands, glaciers, rivers, lakes and deserts all function well ecologically, and the stability of natural system got improved comprehensively.
 
Nowadays, ecological civilization has become a common pursuit for people in Qinghai. People of all ethnic groups value the co-existence between human and nature. The forest and grassland ecosystem has been restored and enhanced continually, wetland areas increase significantly, the deserts continue to shrink, biodiversity increases and the environment improves comprehensively, with the concept of ecological civilization enjoying popular support, said a local official.  
 
By: Gao Jingna
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