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Development of Tibetan studies: Politics and legal system
    Date:04-22-2011 Source:Xinhuanet Author:    

In the last decade or more, politics in Tibet, its legal status and its legal system have become new subjects for Tibetan studies.

    The subject covers the successful experience of the revolution and construction in Tibet following its peaceful liberation in 1951; evaluation of historical significance of the peaceful liberation of Tibet, the Democratic Reform carried out in the region from 1959 to 1960, and the founding of the Tibet Autonomous Region; and the importance of the principles and policies of the Communist party of China for work in Tibet. Papers and articles, written on the basis of the research, were mostly carried in China Tibetology. The journal carried articles on the 40th anniversary of the peaceful liberation of Tibet and on the revolution and construction in the region in its issues No. 1 and No.2 of 1991; and articles and papers on Mao Zedong's thought on rule over Tibet in its issue No.1 of 1994. As a considerable number of authors of these articles and papers experienced the peaceful liberation of Tibet and socialist construction in Tibet, articles and papers they wrote hence command high academic and historic value.

    Recent years saw the 14th Dalai Lama and some in the West work hand in glove with each other to mislead the international community in issues concerning the Chinese sovereignty over Tibet and in issues related to human rights. In response, the Chinese scholars have published many academic papers and books which help readers to gain a better understanding of the Tibetan issue. These include the Historical Status of Tibet. Authored by Wang gui, Xeirab Nyina and some others, the book contains rich and authentic facts to support counter-attack at the Political History of the Tibetan Areas and the Status of Tibet, books which distort Tibetan history and trumpets Tibetan independence. The History of Relations Between the Local Government of Tibet and the Central Government, authored by Huang Yusheng, explains how Tibet was subordinate to the Central Government in history since the 13th century. The Source of the So-Called Tibetan Independence Activities , authored by Yang Gongsu, nails to the barn the British efforts to plot Tibetan independence and its invasion of Tibet. From the book readers see the so-called Tibetan independence was first made in Britain. The Research Into Human Rights in Tibet, authored by Shi Jinbo and some others, explains the background behind the birth of the issue of the human rights in Tibet and tells of the human rights situation in old Tibet. From the book readers see the human rights situation has been greatly improved since 1959 when the Democratic Reform was carried out in Tibet.

    The legal status of Tibet, unequal treaties imposed upon Tibet, and local laws find their way into a number of academic papers and books, including the Legal Status of Tibet in History (a Chinese translation) by Li Tiezen, Concise History of British and Russian Invasion of China's Tibet by Zhou Weizhou, and Selected Legal Codes in Ancient Tibet by the Social Sciences Development research Center of the State Education Commission.

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